Installing new hard drive in a desktop PC

If you would like to install a hard disk drive you do not need the services of a technician because this is one of the most pretty easy stuffs you can fix right away. You need to shop for the correct hard drive first because this is more important that doing the fixing themselves. Replacing your internal hard drive is a better alternative that having to use external drives to expand your memory because external drives are prone to dropping and misplacement.

A hard disk replacement requires simple tools for opening the computers and mounting it in place, connecting the cables and correctly formatting the drive for use. However, there are still a few things you ought to know about the installation process. Some have been highlighted here.

Bays, Drive Cages and Mounting options
The internal 3.5 inch hard drives are usually mounted in the allocated drive bay or drive cage. Placing and orienting the bays or cages varies from case to another. The commonest locations are at the lower front, next to intake fans but away from other components. In most cases dive bays or cages are mounted at right angles to the chassis’ bottom, while the drivers are mounted on the cages, but parallel to the bottom of the case.

In mainstream cases the drive connectors usually point to the rear. This is not the case for all PCs as some manufacturers may decide to place the cases in any part. Remember to always switch off your computer and disconnect the power cable before carrying out any repairs.

Mounting the drive
Physically mounting your hard drive on your PC is a technical process that may prove somehow hard for you during the installation process. You will need to unscrew the four screws on the sides of the drive that fasten the drive and un-mount, and then mount the new drive and fasten the screws. You should be cautious not to fasten the screws too tight because they may damage the drive, on the other end don’t let them be too loose because they may fall off because of the hard disk vibrations. In some few cases you may find that your drive is held in place with simple clips and pins.

Hard drives will last for long if they stay cool and nice, especially if your computer has a cutting-edge hard drive. Be cautious not to close up all the space between the drivers because this will interfere with airflow over the top and bottom. You can as well position the drivers directly in front of a cooling fan because this will help to keep its temperature favorable.

Connecting a hard drive with SATA
After mounting your drive it can easily and quickly be connected to your system. Most of the modern desktop hard drives use the SATA. Its cables can be keyed easily to fit on the mother connector and drive one way.

Then connect one of the end of the SATA cable to your drive and the other end to the relevant SATA port on the motherboard. The shape of SATA cables may vary slightly bust this does not have any serious impact on performance. It’s advisable that you use SATA cables with metal retention clips since these keep the connectors firmly secured in place.

After connecting with SATA, you then need to connect the drive to your power supply unit. You will easily know which power cable to fit by trying one that fits easily, do not force.

Prepare your hard drive for use
On connecting and mounting the drive, you should power up the systems and enter the UEFI or BIOS. In the BIOS you need to go to the Standard System Settings menu then proceed to the SATA menu to confirm that all drivers are fully installed in your system. If the drive is not well installed you need to shut down your PC.

Before you get started
If you have any crucial data on the currently mounted hard drive back it up, then ensure your bootable disk is in good working condition, write down any important data from the hard drive’s top, ensure you are conversant with ESD and risks it poses, and when physically installing your hard drive make sure you have shut down your computer and disconnected completely from the power source.

Set the Jumpers
Before you install a hard drive ensure the jumpers are properly set on the drive itself. On the hard drives’ back you will see small pins with a small plastic piece called a jumper block. This jumper needs to cover the correct pins that will set the drive as Dual Slave, Single, or Dual Master.

Drive Bays
After setting the jumpers appropriately, you should open the computer to determine your its driver.

Attach Cables
Once the jumpers have been set in place, you need to connect the cables to the computer hard drive.

CMOS Setup
Once the hard drive has been successfully installed, place the case onto your computer and connect the monitor, keyboard and power to your computer.

Software setup
Once you have successfully set up in CMOS, you have to set up the hard up through the software.

If you find any other issue, se troubleshoot options.

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